In a typical Western liberal context

In a typical Western liberal context , deepening of democracy invariably leads to consolidation of ” liberal values ” . In the Indian context , democratization is translated into greater involvement of people not as ‘ individuals ‘ which is a staple to liberal discourse , but as communities or groups . Individuals are getting involved in the public sphere not as ‘ atomized ‘ individuals but as members of primordial communities drawn on religious or caste identity . Community – identity seems to be the governing force . It is not therefore surprising that the so – called peripheral groups continue to maintain their identities with reference to the social groups ( caste , religion or sect ) to which they belong while getting involved in the political processes despite the fact that their political goals remain more or less identical . By helping to articulate the political voice of the marginalized , democracy in India has led to ‘ a loosening of social strictures ” and empowered the peripherals to be confident of their ability to improve the socio – economic conditions in which they are placed . This is a significant political process that had led to a silent revolution through a meaningful transfer of power from elites to various subaltern groups within the the upper cas democratic framework of public governance .

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